Neurology is a medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles and cognitive processes. A neurologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing, treating and managing disorders of the nervous system. Treatment may include medications, physical therapy and lifestyle changes.
Neurological treatments include medications, physical therapies, and rehabilitation therapies.
Medications: These vary depending on the condition. Common treatments with medications include anti-seizure, anti-spasticity, anti-inflammatory, and antidepressant medications.
Physical Therapies: These therapies focus on improving physical strength and flexibility. Common treatments include exercises, physical therapy modalities such as ultrasound and electrical stimulation, and massage.
Rehabilitation Therapies: These therapies focus on improving activities of daily living and addressing specific deficits. Common treatments include occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Neurological pathologies are diseases and disorders of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles. Examples of neurological pathologies include Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, migraine, neuromuscular disorders, brain tumors, traumatic brain injuries, and peripheral nerve injuries. Each of these conditions can have a profound effect on a person’s life and their quality of life. Treatment for these conditions vary based on the severity and type of pathology. Treatment options can vary from lifestyle changes, medications, physical or occupational therapy, or surgery.
Neurology aims to study the diagnostic study of all diseases affecting the Central and Peripheral Nervous System, conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, cranial and peripheral nerves or muscles. Neurological diseases can primarily and only involve the Central Nervous System, such as Cerebrovascular diseases, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis, other Neurodegenerative diseases Inflammatory-Infectious diseases, the Peripheral Nervous System with particular regard Polyneuropathies, Myasthenia, Myopathies, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
Within our Neurological department, there are working groups concerning all the different neurological pathologies: cerebrovascular diseases, movement disorders, memory disorders, multiple sclerosis, neuromuscular diseases, epilepsy, headaches and facial pains.
Each Disease Unit is directed by a manager; a doctor specializing in Neurology, who has accumulated a great deal of experience in diagnosing and treating specific pathologies during his clinical and research career. This has allowed the achievement of high levels of professionalism of the medical and nursing staff, with a consequent positive impact on the patient, in terms of a direct, immediate and updated approach to the specific neurological problem the patient is suffering from.